The "Epistles" are a collection of letters addressed to
the earliest Christians by the first great teachers of the faith, some
of the letters being of earlier date than even the Gospels themselves.
The collection in somewhat its present form is known to have existed in
the first Christian century, and the authorship of the more important
Epistles is practically unquestioned. Most of them were the work of St.
Paul, who dispatched them to the various churches he had founded, or to
others which he hoped to visit.
"Romans" is not the earliest in date of these Epistles, but as far back
as the fourth century it was placed first in the collection, presumably
because of its importance. It was written by Paul before he himself
visited Rome as described in Acts 27, the Roman church having been
already established by another; tradition says by St. Peter. The chief
theme of the Epistle is Paul's teaching, that righteousness is won by
faith in Christ, not by adherence to the Jewish law.
~The Bible and Its Story
F.R. Niglutsch 1906
The apostle's commission 1-7.
Prays for the saints at Rome, and expresses his desire to see them
8-15. The gospel way of justification by faith, for Jews and
The sins of the Gentiles set forth.
Romans Chapter 2
The Jews could not be justified
by the law of Moses, any more than the Gentiles by the law of nature
1-16. The sins of the Jews confuted all their vain confidence in
their outward privileges 17-29.
Romans Chapter 3
Objections answered 1-8. All
mankind are sinners 9-18. Both Jews and Gentiles cannot be justified
by their own deeds 19,20. It is owing to the free grace of God,
through faith in the righteousness of Christ 21-31.
Romans Chapter 4
The doctrine of justification by
faith is shown by the case of
Abraham 1-12. He received the promise
through the righteousness of faith 13-22. And we are justified in
the same way of believing 23-25.
Romans Chapter 5
The happy effects of
justification through faith in the righteousness of Christ 1-5. That
we are reconciled by his blood 6-11. The fall of Adam brought all
mankind into sin and death 12-14. The grace of God, through the
righteousness of Christ, has more power to bring salvation, than
Adam's sin had to bring misery 15-19, as grace did super abound
Romans Chapter 6
Believers must die to sin, and
live to God 1,2. This is urged by their Christian baptism and union
with Christ 3-10. They are made alive to God 11-15. And are freed
from the dominion of sin 16-20. The end of sin is death, and of
holiness everlasting life 21-23.
Romans Chapter 7
Believers are united to Christ,
that they may bring forth fruit unto God 1-6. The use and excellence
of the law 7-13. The spiritual conflicts between corruption and
grace in a believer 14-25.
Romans Chapter 8
The freedom of believers from
condemnation 1-9. Their privileges as being the children of God
10-17. Their hopeful prospects under tribulations 18-25. Their
assistance from the Spirit in prayer 26,27. Their interest in the
love of God 28-31.
Their final triumph, through Christ 32-39.
Romans Chapter 9
The apostle's concern that his
countrymen were strangers to the gospel 1-5. The promises are made
good to the spiritual seed of Abraham 6-13. Answers to objections
against God's sovereign conduct, in exercising mercy and justice
This sovereignty is in God's dealing both with Jews and Gentiles
25-29. The falling short of the Jews is owing to their seeking
justification, not by faith, but by the works of the law 30-33.
Romans Chapter 10
The apostle's earnest desire for
the salvation of the Jews 1-4. The difference between the
righteousness of the law, and the righteousness of faith 5-11. The
Gentiles stand on a level with the Jews, in justification and
salvation 12-17. The Jews might know this from Old Testament
Romans Chapter 11
The rejection of the Jews is not
universal 1-10. God overruled their unbelief for making the Gentiles
partakers of gospel privileges 11-21. The Gentiles cautioned against
pride and unbelief, The Jews shall be called as a nation, and
brought into God's visible covenant again 22-32. A solemn adoring of
the wisdom, goodness, and justice of God 33-36.
Romans Chapter 12
Believers are to dedicate
themselves to God 1,2. To be humble, and faithfully to use their
spiritual gifts, in their respective stations 3-8. Exhortations to
various duties 9-16.
And to peaceable conduct towards all men, with forbearance and
The duty of subjection to
governors 1-7. Exhortations to mutual love 8-10. To temperance and
Romans Chapter 14
The Jewish converts cautioned
against judging, and Gentile believers against despising one the
other 1-13. And the Gentiles exhorted to take heed of giving offence
in their use of indifferent things 14-23.
Romans Chapter 15
Directions how to behave towards
the weak 1-7. All to receive one another as brethren 8-13. The
writing and preaching of the apostle 14-21. His purposed journeys
He requests their prayers 30-33.
Romans Chapter 16
The apostle recommends Phebe to
the church at Rome, and greets several friends there 1-16. Cautions
the church against such as made divisions 17-20. Christian
salutations 21-24. The epistle concludes with ascribing glory to God
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