The first Passover and the tenth plague on Egypt
- the death of the firstborn in free Bible art and free Bible lessons all ages. Beautifully visual Bible
lessons with Bible verses and Bible people. Sunday School and Church resources.
What Came Before:
WHILE all these terrible plagues, of which we read in the
last story, were falling upon the people of Egypt, the Israelites in the land of
Goshen were living in safety under God's care. The waters there were not made
blood; nor did the flies or the locusts trouble them. While all was dark in the
rest of Egypt, in the land of Goshen the sun was shining.
This made the Egyptians feel that the Lord God of the Israelites was watching
over his own people. They brought gifts to the Israelites, of gold and silver,
and jewels, and precious things of every kind, to win their favor, and to win
the favor of their God. So the Israelites, from being very poor, began suddenly
to be very rich...
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"For the LORD will pass through to strike the
Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts,
the LORD will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your
houses to strike you."
Now Moses said to the people: "In a few days you are to go out of Egypt, so
gather together, get yourselves in order by your families, and your twelve
tribes; and be ready to march out of Egypt."
And the people of Israel did as Moses told them. Then said Moses: "God will
bring one plague more upon the Egyptians, and then they will let you go. And you
must take care, and obey God's command exactly, or the last terrible plague will
come upon your houses with the Egyptian houses. At midnight, the angel of the
Lord will go through the land, and the oldest child in every house shall die.
Pharaoh's son shall die, and every rich man's son, and every poor man's son,
even the son of the beggar that has no home. Exit your families shall be safe if
you do exactly as I command you."
Then Moses told them what to do. Every family was bidden to find a lamb and to
kill it. They were to take some of the blood of the lamb and sprinkle it at the
entrance of the house, on the door-frame overhead, and on each side. Then they
were to roast the lamb, and with it to cook some vegetables, and to eat it
standing around the table, with all their garments on, ready to march away as
soon as the meal should be ended. And no one was to go out of his house that
night, for God's angel would be abroad, and he might be killed if the angel
should meet him.
The children of Israel did as Moses commanded them. They killed the lamb, and
sprinkled the blood, and ate the supper in the night, as God had told them to
do. And this supper was called "the Pass-over Supper," because when the angel
saw the doors sprinkled with blood, he passed ever those houses, and did not
enter them. And in memory of this great night, when God kept his people from
death, the Israelites were commanded to eat just such a supper on that same
night every year. This became a great feast of the Israelites, and was called
Does not that slain lamb, and his blood sprinkled to save the people from death,
make you think of Jesus Christ, who was the Lamb of God, slain to save us all?
And that night a great cry went up from all the land of Egypt. In every house
there was one, and that one the oldest son, who died. And Pharaoh the king of
Egypt saw his own son lie dead, and knew that it was the hand of God. And all
the people of Egypt were filled with terror, as they saw their children lying
dead in their houses.
The king now sent a messenger to Moses and Aaron, saying: "Make haste; get out
of the land; take everything that you have; leave nothing. And pray to your God
to have mercy upon us, and to do us no more harm."
So suddenly at the last, early in the morning, the Israelites, after four
hundred years in Egypt, went out of the land. They went out in order, like a
great army, family by family, and tribe by tribe. They went out in such haste,
that they had no time to bake bread to eat on the journey. They left the dough
in the pans, all ready mixed for baking, but not yet risen as bread is before it
is baked: and they set the bread-pans on their heads, as people do in that land
when they carry loads. And as a memory of that day, when they took the bread
without waiting for it to rise, the rule was made that for one week in every
year, and that same time in the year when they went out of Egypt, all the people
of Israel should eat bread that is "unleavened," that is bread made without
yeast, and unrisen. And this rule is kept to this day by the Jews, who belong to
the Israelite family.
And the Lord God went before the host of Israel, as they marched out of Egypt.
In the day time there was a great cloud, like a pillar in front; and at night it
became a pillar of fire. So both by day and night, as they saw the cloudy and
fiery pillar going before, they could say, "Our Lord, the God of heaven and
earth, goes before us."
When the pillar of cloud stopped, they knew that was a sign that they were to
pause in their journey and rest. So they set up their tents, and waited until
the cloud should rise up and go forward. When they looked, and saw that the
pillar of cloud was higher up in the air, and as though moving forward, they
took down their tents, and formed in order for the march. Thus the pillar was
like a guide by day and a guard by night.
You remember that when Joseph died, he commanded the Israelites not to bury his
body in Egypt, but to keep it in a stone coffin, unburied, as long as they
should stay in the land. When they were going out of Egypt, the two tribes of
Ephraim and Manasseh, who had sprung from Joseph, his descendants, as they are
called,—took with them on their journey this stone coffin which held the body of
Joseph their father. And thus the Israelites went out of Egypt, four hundred
years after they had gone down to Egypt to live.
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